LLC
«DVS LTD»

Federal State Budget Scientific Institution
Federal Research Center "Marine Hydrophysical Institute of RAS"

Remote Sensing Department


NATO project EST.NUKR.CLG 980992
"Reconstruction of the Near-Bottom Currents in the Barents Sea as the Basis of Calculation of Dangerous Pollutions Transport"


Objectives:

The study of the near-bottom currents in the Barents Sea has the large scientific and ap-plied significance as much pollution (including dangerous radioactive and industrial wastage) are buried at the bottom and are transferred by near-bottom currents in the whole of basin. The purpose of the Project is the reconstruction of the near-bottom current fields for the fore-cast of transport and distribution of the dangerous pollutions.

Project performers:

Fig. 1   Norwegian and Ukrainian teams in the Norwegian Polar institute: left to right
Dr. Alexey Morozov (MHI), Sergey Fedorov (MHI), Dr. Sergey Stanichny (MHI),
Dr. Edmond Hansen (NPI), Professor Vladimir Kushnir (MHI), Dr. Vladimir Pavlov (NPI).

Summary:

Calculation of fields of stationary near-bottom currents in the Barents Sea for the pe-riod from 1950 till 2000 is carried out on the basis of hydrographic data in file "BarKode" and of the NCEP wind fields above the Barents Sea for the specified period. The accounts are executed for winter (November to the end of April), spring (May to the end of June), summer (July to the end of August) and autumn (September to the end of October) periods and take into account distributions of density, wind friction stress, ice concentration and seabed relief.

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Winter

 

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Sping

 

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Summer

 

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Autumn

Fig. 2   The field of the climatic near-bottom velocity in Barents Sea

 



Fig. 3   Comparison of measured () and calculated () velocities of the near-bottom currents. is the correlation coefficient.

 

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Distribution of the BBL thickness in the Barents Sea (cm) for summer


Spatial distribution of the integrated transport in the BBL

The calculated fields of the stationary velocity on the top border of the frictional BBL are characterized by the following features.

1.1. Significant heterogeneity of the BBL velocity field, which change from shares of cm/s up to 4.7…5 cm/s in local zones of their intensification. These zones located in places of significant seabed inclinations.

1.2. Seasonal variability of the near-bottom currents is determined by a complex of conditions connected with changes of the wind field, water density and ice concentration. The spatial structure of climatic near-bottom currents changes from a season to a season a little, their velocities change as follows: in winter season the maximal velocity is equal 4.84 cm/s, in the spring - 1.73 cm/s, in the summer - 4.80 cm/s, an autumn 2.25 cm/s.

Real dynamics of the BBL layer is much more complex than the calculated fields of stationary near-bottom currents. Except for these fields, that exist significant on velocity of the non-stationary, mainly reversive currents of the tidal period, and also the synoptic currents caused by eddies, meanders of currents, shelf waves of various scales and other dynamic processes These fluctuations of velocity form additional turbulent stresses at the seabed which together with stationary near-bottom currents impact on the diffusion and transport of a benthonic suspension (including dangerous pollution). Nevertheless, the basic influence on average transport of such suspension is rendered with stationary near-bottom currents which calculations here are carried out.

2. Value of integrated transport in stationary BBL is extremely non-uniformly distributed in the Barents Sea, it intensification occurs in zones with significant seabed inclination and does not exceed of 0.2 m2/s.

3. The BBL thickness is calculated by several independent methods, including with the account of the near-bottom density stratification and Earth rotation. If to use average Brunt-Vaisala frequency in the BBL equal to rad/s and maximal value of velocity on the top BBL border ( cm/s), the various ratings of the BBL thickness are equal to 5.7 m, 2.4…5.7 m, 2.7…6 and 4 m. First and second of them take into account only Earth rotation, third - only near-bottom density stratification and fourth - both of these factor. The rather close ratings of the BBL thickness in considered conditions mean that a major factor is the Earth rotation.

Maximal rating of the coefficient of turbulent viscosity (or coefficient vertical momentum diffusion) is close to 5 cm2/s.

4. The ratings of coefficient of vertical turbulent density diffusion in the BBL are received on the basis of the statistical data on the Brunt-Vaisala frequency in this area, and also its connection with dynamic Richardson number. The approximation of kind is used which takes into account the limited range of change in the near-bottom area. Density of distribution of probabilities of values, its average value (2.34 cm2/s) and standard deviation (1.52 cm2/s) is calculated. These estimations concern to all water area of the Barents Sea and they correspond to the data of specialized measurements in the benthonic layer.


Remote Sensing Department (together with LLC "DVS LTD")
Federal State Budget Scientific Institution Federal Research Center "Marine Hydrophysical Institute of RAS"
2, Kapitanskaya St., Sevastopol, 299011, Russian Federation
Phone: +7 (8692) 54-50-65
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